Photo: President-Elect Donald Trump, pictured in 2015. Photo: Michael Vadon (Creative Commons)
President-elect Donald Trump reportedly now accepts the U.S. intelligence community’s assessment that Russia attempted to meddle in U.S. elections, and may take action in response once he takes power, an aide says (see Intelligence Report Blames Putin for Election-Related Hacks).
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“I think he accepts the finding,” Trump’s incoming chief of staff, Rince Priebus, told “Fox News Sunday” on Jan. 8. “He’s not denying that entities in Russia were behind this particular hack campaign.”
The remarks by Priebus represent the first time that one of Trump’s team has acknowledged Russia’s involvement in attempted U.S. electoral meddling. “Action may be taken” in response to the attacks, Priebus said.
But he stopped short of addressing whether Trump accepted the intelligence community’s finding that Russian President Vladimir Putin had personally authorized the campaign to help Trump by discrediting Democratic presidential candidate Hillary Clinton.
Allegation: ‘Gross Negligence’ Aided Hackers
Priebus also blamed the Democratic National Committee for having gotten itself hacked, and failing to heed related FBI warnings. “We have a DNC as a sitting duck,” he said. “If the DNC allows any foreign entity into their system and then says here, here’s 50,000 emails, you can have them, well voila. Now you have the biggest dissemination of emails that you’ve ever seen in the history of America.” He added that after the FBI sounded hack-attack warnings to the RNC, it brought the bureau in to investigate.
Priebus also attempted to contrast the RNC’s strong cybersecurity with weak DNC defenses. “They lacked defenses. They lacked training. They allowed foreign governments into their system.”
That argument has been emphasized in recent days by Trump. “Gross negligence by the Democratic National Committee allowed hacking to take place. The Republican National Committee had strong defense!” Trump claimed in a Jan. 7 tweet. “Only reason the hacking of the poorly defended DNC is discussed is that the loss by the Dems was so big that they are totally embarrassed!”
But as part of the same campaign, it appears that at least some Republican state party officials were also hacked, but relatively few related emails dumped publicly, as The Hill has reported. Furthermore, leaks of Republican emails were made in August 2016 via the DCLeaks.com website, which also hosted leaked DNC emails.
Multiple information security experts have also questioned whether Republican officials’ emails might also have been stolen en masse, but perhaps held in reserve for potential future propaganda efforts or potentially blackmail purposes.
Report Ties Guccifer to GRU to Kremlin
The U.S. intelligence community’s assessment is that DCLeaks was created by a Kremlin-aligned hacking operation being run by Russia’s GRU military intelligence agency. “We assess with high confidence that Russian military intelligence (General Staff Main Intelligence Directorate or GRU) used the Guccifer 2.0 persona and DCLeaks.com to release U.S. victim data,” according to an unclassified version of a top-secret report released last week by the U.S. intelligence community (see Russian Interference: Anatomy of a Propaganda Campaign).
“Putin and the Russian Government aspired to help President-elect Trump’s election chances when possible by discrediting Secretary Clinton and publicly contrasting her unfavorably to him,” the report concludes.
Report Gathered via Spying Capabilties
The DNC hacking and related dumps of stolen emails via DCLeaks.com, the Guccifer 2.0 online persona and WikiLeaks – as well as via exclusives shared with multiple media outlets – was part of a broader effort to destabilize faith in U.S. democratic institutions, including the election process, according to the report.
It says Russia’s intelligence services targeted both the Democratic and Republican political parties.
Based on a close-reading of the intelligence community’s report, many of its conclusions weren’t made using technical indicators, but rather through old-fashioned “spying capabilities,” according to forensic scientist Jonathan Zdziarski.
What this reveals is that this judgment was based on our spying capabilities, and not our technical capabilities. pic.twitter.com/7geAL3vQHc— Jonathan Zdziarski (@JZdziarski) January 6, 2017
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Hacking as Political Football
Trump has used the question of whether Russia attempted to meddle in U.S. elections as a political football. He characterized the related investigation, ordered by President Barack Obama in December 2016, to The New York Times as a “political witch-hunt” triggered by Democrats’ embarrassment at their election failure.
Subsequently, on Jan. 6, Trump was given a related, two-hour briefing by National Intelligence Director James Clapper, CIA Director John Brennan and FBI Director James Comey, into what the U.S. intelligence community says was a campaign, authorized by Putin, designed partially to meddle in the U.S. election process.
Following the briefing, Trump issued a statement saying that the meeting had been “constructive.” He also claimed that “there was absolutely no effect on the outcome of the election including the fact that there was no tampering whatsoever with voting machines.”
It’s important to note that Trump’s claim that the hacking and related data dumps had no impact on the election is only his opinion, rather than a reflection of what he likely heard in the intelligence briefing.
Indeed, in testimony delivered Jan. 5 to the Senate Armed Services Committee, Clapper said there’s no way for U.S. intelligence agencies to know what effect Russia’s meddling may have had. “The intelligence community can’t gauge the impact it had on the choices the electorate made,” he said, although emphasized that there was no indication that any voting machines had been hacked.
But the hacking was only one part “of a multifaceted campaign that the Russians mounted,” Clapper told the committee, characterizing related efforts as nothing less than “an existential threat to the United States.”
Trump Promises to Combat Cyber Attacks
Following the briefing, Trump issued a rare pronouncement on cybersecurity, promising get tough on cyber attacks once he takes office Jan. 20, while suggesting that any related moves would be cloaked in secrecy (see Obama Panel Urges Trump to Quickly Address Cybersecurity).
“Whether it is our government, organizations, associations or businesses we need to aggressively combat and stop cyberattacks. I will appoint a team to give me a plan within 90 days of taking office,” Trump said. “The methods, tools and tactics we use to keep America safe should not be a public discussion that will benefit those who seek to do us harm.”
The same day, however, Trump tweeted that he also wants to improve relations with Russia. “Having a good relationship with Russia is a good thing, not a bad thing,” Trump said. “When I am President, Russia will respect us far more than they do now.”