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Recently, the general office of the CPC Central Committee, the State Council issued the innovative government allocation of resources on the way of guidance, and issued a notice requiring all localities and departments to seriously implement the actual combination.
Since the reform and opening up, with the deepening of market-oriented reform, the role of the market in the allocation of resources has been increasing. Under the condition of socialist market economy, the resources allocated by the government are mainly public resources such as natural resources, economic resources and social resources owned by the government. In order to solve the existing government allocation of resources in the market allocation of price distortion, low efficiency, insufficient supply of public services and other outstanding issues, to promote market-oriented reforms from the breadth and depth, greatly reducing the government’s direct configuration of resources, innovative configuration, more to introduce the market mechanism and the market means, improve the efficiency and benefit the allocation of resources.
The guiding opinions put forward four basic principles, namely, problem oriented and classification. Improve efficiency and promote fairness. Platform integration and information sharing. According to the law, innovation and regulation.
Of particular concern is that the guidance to the operating and non operating as a distinction, proposed different types of state-owned assets allocation.
Among them, ninth to thirteenth proposed innovative operating state-owned assets allocation. Guidance that the financial and nonfinancial operating state-owned assets, to establish and improve the management of capital based state-owned assets management system, optimize the layout of the state capital, to promote the rational flow of state-owned capital, orderly retreat and optimize the allocation of state-owned capital allocation, improve efficiency and effectiveness.
The following are ninth to thirteenth original:
(nine) optimize the distribution of state-owned capital. Closely around the national strategy, overall planning of state-owned capital strategic layout, the establishment of dynamic adjustment mechanism. The implementation of the national industrial policy and key industrial layout adjustment of the overall requirements, optimize the state-owned capital investment and key areas, promote the state-owned capital to the national security, the national economy and the beneficial to the people’s livelihood important industries and key areas, key infrastructure, forward-looking and strategic industry, has concentrated to the core competitive advantages of enterprises. Improve the state-owned capital exit mechanism, a reasonable proportion of shareholding of financial institutions of the state, maintain control of systemically important financial institutions, other institutions in accordance with market principles to optimize the ownership structure, stimulate the vitality of social capital.
(ten) improve the system of authorized operation of state owned capital. To establish the regulatory capital based state-owned assets supervision system, authorized management system reform of state-owned capital, restructuring the establishment of state-owned capital investment, operating company, to carry out direct government authorized state-owned capital investment and operating companies to fulfill the responsibilities of investor pilot. The state-owned capital investment company, operating through the development of investment and financing, industry cultivation, integration of capital, optimize the layout and structure of state-owned capital; through equity operation, value management, orderly retreat, promote the rational flow of state-owned capital, increasing the value of. The state-owned capital investment company, operating as a professional platform for state-owned capital market operation, to carry out independent operation of state-owned capital invested enterprises in accordance with the law, to exercise shareholders’ responsibilities, rights and responsibilities in accordance with the principle of correspondence and undertake the state-owned assets responsibility.
(eleven) to establish and improve the mechanism of state capital transformation. Adhere to the main pipe capital, in order to improve the liquidity of state-owned capital as the goal, and actively promote the operation of state-owned assets securitization. Establish and improve the survival of the fittest market exit mechanism, accelerate the disposal of inefficient assets, support enterprise compliance through the securities trading, property rights trading market, to the disposal of state-owned assets the fair market price, the realization of state-owned capital transformation, for the country’s long-term strategy, macro regulation and the need to protect the basic livelihood, to better serve the national development goals.
(twelve) regulate the disposal of state-owned assets and income distribution. The transfer of major assets of enterprises should be carried out on the basis of a unified public resource trading platform. The introduction of market mechanisms for the rental and lending of major operating state assets shall be open, fair and transparent. The establishment of the system of state-owned capital operation budget management covers all the state-owned enterprises, management of state-owned capital gains, and the disposal of state-owned assets and other non tax revenue, according to the provisions of timely and full turned over to the state treasury and incorporated into the government budget, more used to protect and improve people’s livelihood, unless otherwise stipulated by the state from its provisions. The state capital gains paid gradually increase the proportion of public finances, transfersome state owned capital fund.
(thirteen) strengthening the management of state-owned capital. Hold the bottom line to prevent the loss of state assets. To strengthen the supervision of state-owned property rights transfer, innovative ways and means of supervision, promote collaborative supervision, in accordance with the requirements to achieve a degree of retraction, safeguard investor interests and respect the effective combination of the decision-making power of enterprises.
In addition, in the guidance of innovative non operating state owned asset allocation methods chapter, there are also very worthy of attention. For the implementation of public administration and providing public services to the non operating state-owned assets, adhere to fair allocation principle, actively introduce competition mechanism to improve the allocation efficiency, improve basic public services and fairness.
The following are fourteenth to eighteenth original:
(fourteen) to promote the separation of government, the separation of management. The distinction between government as different functions of the allocation of resources and industry regulators, innovation and improvement of government direct allocation of resources, strengthen the supervision of education, health care, pension, culture, sports and other departments of industry function. Liberalization of market access, relax price controls and promote fair competition. The distinction between basic and non basic public services, straighten out the government and institutions in the provision of basic public services in advance, separating enterprise from government, the separation of management. Innovation and institutions to adapt to the operation of the system, improve the corporate governance structure.
(fifteen) to promote equalization of basic public services. On the equalization, standardization and legalization, accelerate the establishment of national basic public service system, establish the national basic public service list, dynamic adjustment of services and standards, promote urban and rural regional service items and standards of organic convergence, promoting equitable sharing of basic public services. Reasonably determine the government’s financial powers and expenditure responsibilities. Strengthen the basic public service resources balanced allocation, promote the basic public service resources optimization and integration, improve service efficiency.
(sixteen) innovative public service supply mode. The establishment of government led, social participation, independent operation, public supervision of the diversified public service supply system. All localities and departments can expand and improve the supply of public goods and services according to the needs and financial situation, through franchising, government procurement of services, etc.. Promote the reform of public welfare institutions, strengthen public property, innovative institutional mechanisms to improve the quality and efficiency of supply. To develop the government procurement services directory, the introduction of competition mechanism, improve the efficiency of the use of financial funds. Take personnel training, project guidance, public venture capital and other ways and means to enhance institutions, enterprises and social organizations to undertake government procurement services.
(seventeen) promoting the integration and sharing of non operating state owned assets. Based on assets, the definition of property rights, administrative departments further break the segmentation, building sharing platform, the realization of public science and technology, education, medical and cultural resources sharing. The establishment of asset sharing and asset performance, asset allocation, the linkage mechanism linked to the budget, to avoid duplication of assets, idle waste. The super standard allocation of administrative institutions, inefficient operation or long-term idle assets, to establish a sound allocation mechanism, effectively revitalize the stock of assets, to achieve efficient use. In accordance with the provisions of the procedures reported after the approval of the part of the idle non operating state-owned assets into operating state-owned assets.
(eighteen) to promote the management of the assets of administrative institutions. According to the function and the nature of the administrative institutions, according to the completion of the minimum function and the optimal allocation of assets. The establishment of administrative institutions asset allocation standard system, for the general purpose, the implementation of different specific asset allocation standards. Non operating state-owned assets construction project approval, strengthen the budget constraints and financial control, in line with the non operating state-owned asset allocation budget management requirements relating to the management of expenditure arrangements should be incorporated into the budget, by the people’s Congress or its Standing Committee for consideration and approval should be open to the public. Establish and improve all-round, multi-level asset management and supervision system, establish a working mechanism, strengthen the use and disposal of assets and earnings management, to ensure the efficient use of standardized and transparent disposal, to ensure that the disposal of assets income and rent income stipulated in the law, prevent the loss of state-owned assets.
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