[safety warning education thirty-eight] customary violation how to break?

人天生就具有趋利避害的本能。
如果细心分析近年来发生在我们身边的违章违纪等事故案例情况,你会发现产生习惯性违章行为具体原因可分成这三个方面:
一是存在麻痹侥幸心理;
二是安全思想意识淡薄;
三是安全行为标准降低,现场管理人员缺乏对安全的正确理解,安全责任制不落实,存在制度与执行“两张皮”。
那么,为什么要“反违章”?每一起事故教训,都是由一系列的违章造成的。纵观近几年所发生的一系列事故或险情,客观的因素少,设备的因素少,绝大部分是人为因素:有的是应知不知、应会不会,反映出职工业务素质的问题;有的是知道了、也会了,就是不按标准干,反映出职工思想意识的问题;这些现象,都可以在一些事故中找到影子。
如何进行反违章?对于大力开展“反违章”活动,应该从以下几方面认识并开展工作:
1、强化安全教育,提高安全认识
习惯性违章是一种长期反复发作的顽固性违章作业行为,必须通过思想、案例、责任、价值观等多方面加强宣传教育,达到“警钟长鸣”目的。
要拓展宣传思路,创新教育方式,从对自身、对家庭、对同事、对企业负责的角度,培养员工主人翁意识和自我保护意识,变被迫的“要我遵章”转入到自觉的“我要遵章”的状态中来,增强员工责任心。
2、强化业务培训,提高操作技能
培训教育是强化人的行为规范性,纠正行为失误的必由之路。要实现安全生产,最关键的因素是人。
培训工作要深入细致,讲求实效,要普及和提高最容易出现习惯性违章的人群,懂得掌握作业场所和工作岗位存在的危险因素及防范措施、应急措施等,增强按章办事的自觉性。

3、上下齐抓共管,强化管理双基
习惯性违章的特性决定反习惯性违章是一个长期复杂的过程,涉及面广,单靠一个部门或几个人是难以取得成效的。因此要逐级落实岗位责任制,逐级传递安全生产压力。通过履约管理,团结协作,共同履行管理责任。
近几年的安全生产工作实践证明,开展安全生产标准化作业是加强双基工作。
当前,大力推行现场作业标准化和信号楼标准化建设,就是要引导和规范员工在整个生产过程中树立良好习惯,变重结果到管过程,确保反习惯性违章取得实效。
4、强化监督考核,控制检查过程
首先,监督检查不走过场,各级管理人员要进一步转变工作作风,坚持对生产现场不定期、经常性监督和检查。
其二,落实各种法规、规章制度不走样,不论是险情、隐患或任何环节出现差错,都必须一查到底,决不姑息迁就。
第三,安全工作贯穿生产全过程,光靠安全检查人员有局限性,必然有安全“死角”,需要发动广大职工的参与、支持和监督,使习惯性违章失去生存的环境。最后要及时组织制定、修订、完善各岗位的安全技术操作规程及配套制度体系,使每个岗位、每个作业点、每个环节都得到有效控制,做到“统一、规范、可操作”。
5、强化班组管理,发挥班组长职能
这种反对和劝阻既是一种控制力,又是一种自觉性的推动力,在生产中有组织的建立起明确的互控机制,以达到和提高这种互控的实际效果。
(素材由中铝公司安全环保健康部提供)
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People are born with good instincts.
If you carefully analyze the occurrence of violations of law and discipline in recent years, such as the case of accidents, you will find that the specific causes of habitual violations can be divided into these three areas:
First, the existence of paralysis luck;
Two is a weak sense of security;
Three is to reduce the standard of safety behavior, the lack of on-site management of the correct understanding of security, safety responsibility is not implemented, the existence of the system and the implementation of the two skin.
So, why the anti illegal? Every accident is caused by a series of violations. A series of accidents or hazards in recent years occurred, objective factors, equipment factors, the vast majority of human factors: some should know, should not, reflect the staff service quality problems; some know, also, is not according to the standard, reflect employee consciousness problem; these phenomena can be found in some accident.
How to conduct anti violation? For vigorously carry out anti illegal activities, the following aspects should be recognized and work:
1, strengthen safety education, improve safety awareness
Habitual violation is a kind of intractable long-term repeated attacks of illegal operations, must through the case, responsibility, ideology, values and other aspects to strengthen publicity and education, to achieve alarm bells ringing.
To expand publicity ideas, innovative teaching methods, from of self, family, colleagues, in charge of the enterprise staff training angle, master consciousness and awareness of self-protection, should I change to the compliance into the consciousness of I want compliance state to enhance staff responsibility.
孩子痴迷游戏机影响视力,防沉迷也面临越来越多的新的挑战,搞出些其它的娱乐活动,限定严格的游戏时间很重要,开发游戏的也得注意加些提示,不能老是让人一关接一关的挑战下去。
2, strengthen business training, improve operation skills
Training education is the only way to strengthen the standard of human behavior and correct the mistakes. To achieve safe production, the most critical factor is the people.
The training work should be thorough and meticulous, pragmatic, to popularize and improve the most prone to habitual violation of people, know how to grasp the risk factors exist in their workplace and post and preventive measures and emergency measures, enhance the consciousness of the rule.
3, under the concerted efforts to strengthen the management of double base

Habitual violation of the characteristics of the decision is a long and complex process of illegal violations, involving a wide range, depending on a department or a few people is difficult to achieve results. Therefore, the progressive implementation of the post responsibility system, the gradual transfer of production safety pressure. Through performance management, unity and cooperation, common management responsibilities.
Practice has proved that the work of production safety in recent years, to carry out safety production standardization work is to strengthen the basic work.
At present, vigorously promote the standardization of field operations and signal building standardization construction, is to guide and regulate the staff to establish good habits in the whole production process, the weight to the pipe process, to ensure the effectiveness of the anti illegal customary.
4, strengthen supervision and assessment, control the inspection process
First of all, the supervision and inspection is not going through the field, all levels of management personnel to further change the style of work, adhere to the production site on a regular basis, regular supervision and inspection.
Second, implement the system of various rules and regulations without aliasing, whether hidden danger, or any link errors, must be investigated in the end, will not be tolerated.
Third, security work throughout the entire process of production, there are limitations on the security inspection personnel, safety must be dead, the need to mobilize participation, support and supervision of the workers, the habitual peccancy lose survival environment. Finally, to timely organizations to develop, revise and perfect the system of safety operation regulation and supporting system of each post, each post, each job, each link has been effectively controlled, to achieve unified, standardized, operational.
5, strengthen team management, play the role of team leader
It is not only a kind of control, but also a driving force of consciousness. In the process of production, it is necessary to establish a clear mechanism of mutual control in order to achieve and improve the actual effect of mutual control.
(material provided by the Department of safety, environmental protection and health)
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安全意识的提升,首先要让所有员工认识到安全是每个人的责任,并不仅是安全部门或IT管理员的职责。

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