The national basic public health service project released! Do you know that you can enjoy these health services for free?

国家基本公共卫生服务项目宣传短片出炉
这些卫生服务都是免费的!
(建议在wifi环境下观看)
一、基本公共卫生服务概述
1.国家基本公共卫生服务项目包括哪些内容?
答:
目前,国家基本公共卫生服务项目包括12类内容。即:城乡居民健康档案管理服务、健康教育服务、预防接种服务、0~6岁儿童健康管理服务、孕产妇健康管理服务、老年人健康管理服务、高血压患者、2型糖尿病患者健康管理服务、重性精神疾病患者管理服务、传染病及突发公共卫生事件报告和处理服务、卫生监督协管服务、中医药健康管理服务。
2.实施基本公共卫生服务项目对居民有什么好处?
答:
基本公共卫生服务项目覆盖我国13亿人口,与人民群众的生活和健康息息相关。实施项目可促进居民健康意识的提高和不良生活方式的改变,逐步树立起自我健康管理的理念;可以减少主要健康危险因素,预防和控制传染病及慢性病的发生和流行;可以提高公共卫生服务和突发公共卫生事件应急处置能力,建立起维护居民健康的第一道屏障,对于提高居民健康素质有重要促进作用。
二、居民健康档案管理
3.什么是居民健康档案?
答:
居民健康档案是居民健康状况的资料库。记录着居民的疾病家庭史、遗传史和生活、工作不幸等状况。从出生开始,记录着新生儿、婴幼儿、学龄前期的生长发育、健康状况与预防保健管理信息;妇女人生各期,特别是妊娠期的健康管理信息;老年人健康管理与各时期患病时的医疗保健信息等等。总之,健康档案应是陪伴居民终生的、全面、综合、连续性的健康资料,它详实、完整地记录了居民一生各个阶段的健康状况及预防、医疗、保健、康复信息。
三、健康教育
4.健康教育服务的基本内容有哪些?
答:
①宣传普及《中国公民健康素养》,配合有关部门开展公民健康素养促进行动。
②对青少年、妇女、老年人、残疾人、0~6岁儿童家长、农民工等人群进行健康教育。
③开展合理膳食、控制体重、适当运动、心理平衡、改善睡眠、限盐、戒烟限酒、控制药物依赖、戒毒等健康生活方式和可干预危险因素的健康教育。
④开展高血压,糖尿病、冠心病、哮喘、乳腺癌和宫颈癌、结核病、肝炎、艾滋病、流感、手足口病和狂犬病、布鲁菌病等重点疾病健康教育。
⑤开展食品安全、职业卫生、放射卫生、环境卫生、饮水卫生、学校卫生、计划生育等公共卫生问题健康教育。
⑥开展应对突发公共卫生事件应急处置、防灾减灾、家庭急救等健康教育。
⑦宣传普及医疗卫生法律法规及相关政策。
四、预防接种
5.预防接种服务的对象是哪些人?
答:
辖区内0~6岁儿童和其他重点人群(包括传染病人密切接触者、老年人等)。
6.预防接种服务的内容有哪些?
答:
①预防接种管理。医务人员及时为辖区内所有居住满3个月的0~6岁儿童,建立预防接种证和预防接种卡等儿童预防接种档案。采取电话预约等多种方式,通知儿童监护人,告知接种疫苗的种类、时间、地点和注意事项。每半年对辖区内儿童的预防接种卡核查和整理1次。
②预防接种服务。根据国家免疫规划疫苗免疫程序,对适龄儿童进行常规接种。在部分省份或重点地区,对重点人群进行应急接种或疫苗强化免疫接种。
③对有疑似预防接种异常反应的儿童进行处理和报告。
五、0~6岁儿童健康管理服务
7.0~6岁儿童健康包括哪些内容?
答:
0~6岁儿童健康管理内容包括:①新生儿家庭访视。②新生儿满月健康管理。③婴幼儿健康管理。④学龄前儿童健康管理。
8.0~6岁儿童接受健康管理有什么好处?
答:
0-6岁儿童健康管理能为孩子一生的健康奠定重要的成长基础。医生根据儿童不同时期的生长发育特点,开展儿童保健系列服务,以保障和促进儿童身心健康发育,减少疾病的发生。同时,通过对儿童健康监测和重点疾病的筛查,还可以对儿童的出生缺陷,做到早发现,早治疗,预防和控制残疾的发生和发展,从而提高生命质量。
六、孕产妇健康管理服务

9.妇女怀孕后可以享受到哪些健康管理服务?
答:
妇女怀孕后,从产前、孕期全程到产后42天都可享受到健康管理服务。内容包括:孕早期健康管理、孕中期健康管理、孕晚期健康管理、产后访视、产后42天健康检查等健康管理服务。
七、老年人健康管理服务
10.为什么要开展老年人健康管理服务?
答:
随着年龄的增长,老年人的心、脑、肾等各个脏器生理功能减退,代谢功能紊乱,免疫功能低下,易患高血压、糖尿病、冠心病及肿瘤等各种慢性疾病。这些疾病致残率极高,开展健康管理服务能早期发现疾病,早期开展治疗,可以预防疾病的发生发展,减少并发症,降低致残及病死率。
11.哪些人能享受到老年人健康管理服务?
答:
老年人健康管理服务的对象指的是65岁以上老年人,包括65岁。凡是在社区居住半年以上的老年人,无论户籍和非户籍人口,都能在居住地乡镇卫生院、村卫生室或社区卫生服务中心(站)享受到老年人健康管理服务。
12.老年人健康管理服务有哪些内容?
答:
每年对老年人进行一次健康管理服务。内容包括:①生活方式和健康状况评估。通过询问,了解老年人基本健康状况、生活自理能力与吸烟、饮酒、饮食、体育锻炼等生活方式,以及既往所患疾病,目前慢性疾病常见症状与治疗情况等。
②每年进行一次较全面的健康体检,包括一般体格检查与辅助检查。辅助检查项目包括血常规、尿常规、肝功、肾功、血糖、血脂、腹部B超、心电图。
八、高血压患者健康管理服务
在线交易真的很方便,对于个人或企业来讲,很容易提升生产力。同时,它也充满了危险,尤其是对于那些没有没有足够的安全防范意识和安全保障措施的企业和个人。
13.什么是高血压?
答:
到医疗卫生机构测量血压时,非同日三次测量结果:高压(收缩压)都大于或等于140mmHg,或者低压(舒张压)都大于或等于90mmHg,就可以诊断为高血压。如果高血压患者在服用降压药物期间,虽然测得血压值不高,仍属于高血压,因为这是在药物控制下的血压,一旦停了降压药,血压仍会升高的。
14.高血压对身体有哪些危害?
答:
患了高血压也许没什么症状,但高血压是“无声的杀手”,每时每刻都在损害着患者的健康。如果血压没有得到很好的控制,损伤到大脑,会引起脑卒中(中风)偏瘫,造成半身不遂、痴呆等;损伤到心脏,会引起心绞痛、心肌梗死、心力衰竭等;损伤到眼睛,可引起眼底视网膜病变甚至可能导致失明;损伤到肾,可引起肾功能不全。
九、糖尿病管理
15.什么是糖尿病?
答:
糖尿病是一种内分泌代谢性疾病,是以血糖升高为特征。如果空腹时抽取静脉血查血糖,结果大于或等于7mmoI/L,并在以后的复查中仍高于此标准者,就可以诊断为糖尿病。糖尿病可分为1型、2型和其他几型,其中90%以上都是2型糖尿病。2型糖尿病患者纳入健康管理。如果糖尿病患者正在接受治疗,有可能测得的血糖值不高,但还是糖尿病,一旦停止有效的治疗,血糖还会升上去的。
16.糖尿病对人体有哪些危害?
答:
糖尿病对人体的危害主要表现在并发症上。如果血糖长期得不到良好控制,能造成脑、心脏、神经、眼和肾等重要器官的损害,甚至导致残疾或死亡。糖尿病造成心、脑血管损害的患病率比非糖尿病者高3倍;因下肢血管损伤而截肢者比非糖尿病者多10倍;糖尿病肾病晚期可造成尿毒症;糖尿病眼病造成的双目失明者比非糖尿病都高25倍。此外,糖尿病还常伴多发性周围神经病变和自主神经损害以及各种不同部位的感染。
17.参加糖尿病患者健康管理服务能给患者带来哪些好处?
答:
糖尿病患者参加健康管理服务可以得到基层医生主动的、连续的服务;患者会在医生的指导下建立健康的生活方式,合理使用降血糖药物,将血糖控制在理想水平,最大限度地减少糖尿病给健康带来的危害;在管理过程,医生会及时发现其他健康问题,及时调整治疗方案;当出现危急症状或存在不能处理的其他疾病时,医生会指导患者紧急转诊;降低患者及家属的精神压力,缓解因病情控制不理想而造成的经济压力。
十、重性精神疾病患者管理服务
18.什么是重性精神疾病?
答:
重性精神疾病是指精神活动严重受损致对自身健康状况或者客观现实不能完整辩论,或者不能控制自身行为的精神疾病。患者由于大脑功能失调导致认识、情感、意志和行为等精神活动出现不同程度障碍,表现有幻觉、妄想、思维障碍、行动紊乱等,并且社会生活能力严重受损。主要包括精神分裂症、分裂情感性障碍、偏执性精神病、双相障碍、癫痫所致精神障碍、精神发育迟滞伴发精神障碍等疾病。
19.怎样及时发现重性精神疾病患者?
答:
重性精神疾病患者的及时发现可以使患者得到早期治疗、正确干预,避免病情发展。如果家人发现以下现象就要引起注意:难以入睡、易惊醒;情感冷漠,失去以往的热情;喜欢独处、自语自笑,生活懒散,发呆发愣,外出游荡,夜不归家;敏感多疑,沉默少语,不与人交往;语言表达异常、话题不多、语句简单、内容单调;脱离现实,沉湎于幻想之中等。家人发现这些表现应主动与社区卫生服务中心或乡镇卫生院的医生联系,得到他们的帮助和指导。
十一、传染病及突发公共卫生事件报告和处理服务
20.什么是传染病?
答:
传染病是由各种病原体引起的能在人与人、动物与动物或人与动物之间相互传播的一类疾病。主要有:
①经空气传播的呼吸道传染病。如:流行性感冒、肺结核、腮腺炎、麻疹、百日咳等。
②通过饮食传播引起的消化道传染病。如:细菌性痢疾、甲型肝炎等。
③经蚊虫、血液等传播的传染病。如:乙型肝炎、疟疾、流行性乙型脑炎、丝虫病等。
④由接触体表传播的传染病。如:血吸虫病、沙眼、狂犬病、破伤风、淋病等。
21.什么是突发公共卫生事件?
答:

中美对话将商议网络安全保护

突发公共卫生事件是指突然发生,造成或者可能造成社会公众健康严重损害的重大传染病疫情、群体性不明原因的疾病,还有重大的食物中毒和职业中毒,以及其他严重影响公众健康的事件。
十二、卫生监督协管服务
22.什么是卫生监督?
答:

卫生监督是政府实施行政管理的具体行政行为。各级政府卫生行政部门为维护公民健康权益,依据卫生法律法规和标准,对特定人和机构,如医疗机构、食品行业、毒害行业、公共场所、供水单位以及学校等部门单位的相关卫生工作,做出许可、强制、检查、处罚、指导等行为,以保证居民与社会的卫生安全。
23.什么是卫生监督协管?
答:
卫生监督协管是指乡镇卫生院、村卫生室及社区卫生服务中心(站)等基层医疗卫生机构、协助县(市、区)卫生监督机构,在辖区内依法开展食品安全信息报告、职业卫生咨询指导、饮用水卫生安全、学校卫生、非法行医和非法采供血信息反馈报告等工作,并接受卫生监督机构的业务指导。
24.什么是中医药健康管理服务?
答:
每年为65岁及以上老年人做1次中医体质辨识,根据不同体质进行个体化中医健康指导。针对0~36个月儿童主要健康问题,在儿童6、12、18、24、30、36月龄时对儿童家长、保育员进行儿童中医调养指导。
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中国二维码应用被国外标准垄断 信息安全问题频发(2)

National basic public health service project
These health services are free!
(recommended in WiFi environment)
Overview of basic public health services
1 what are the basic public health services in the country?
Answer:
At present, the national basic public health services include 12 categories. Namely: urban and rural residents health archives management services, health education services, immunization service, 0 ~ 6 years old children’s health management services, maternal health management services, the elderly health management services, health management services, hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus patients with severe mental disease management services, infectious diseases and public health emergencies report and treatment services, health supervision services association, Chinese medicine health management service.
2 what are the benefits of implementing basic public health services to residents?
Answer:
The basic public health service covers 1 billion 300 million people in our country, which is closely related to people’s life and health. The implementation of the project can promote the residents health awareness and lifestyle changes, and gradually establish a self health management idea; can reduce a major health risk factors, epidemic prevention and control of infectious disease and chronic disease; can improve the public health service and public health emergency response capabilities, establish the first barrier to safeguard the health of residents, to improve the health of residents have an important role in promoting.
Two, health records management
3 what is the resident health record?
Answer:
Residents’ health records: a database of residents’ health status. Record the family history of the disease, genetic history and life, work and so on. From the birth records of neonates and infants, preschool children’s growth and development, health and preventive health care management information; women’s life stages, especially the health management information of pregnancy; prevalence of elderly health management and the period of the healthcare information and so on. In short, health records should be accompanied by life-long residents and comprehensive, continuous health information, it detailed and complete record of the health and prevention of all stages of life, residents of medical and health care, rehabilitation information.
Three, health education
4 what are the basic contents of health education services?
Answer:
Promote the popularization of Chinese citizens health literacy, with the relevant departments to carry out citizen health literacy promotion action.
Health education for young people, women, the elderly, the disabled, children aged 0 to 6 years old, migrant workers.
To carry out health education, such as reasonable diet, weight control, proper exercise, psychological balance, sleep improvement, salt restriction, smoking cessation, alcohol control, drug dependence, detoxification, and other health risk factors.
The development of hypertension, diabetes, coronary heart disease, asthma, health education, breast cancer and cervical cancer, tuberculosis, hepatitis, AIDS, influenza, foot and mouth disease and rabies, brucellosis and other key diseases.
The development of food safety, occupation health, radiological health, environmental health, drinking water health, school health, family planning and other public health problems in health education.
The development of public health emergencies emergency response, disaster prevention and mitigation, family emergency health education.
The popularization of medical and health laws and regulations and related policies.
Four, vaccination
5 who is the target of vaccination services?
Answer:
Within the jurisdiction of the 0 – to 6 year old children and other key groups (including close contact with infected patients, the elderly, etc.).
6 what are the contents of vaccination services?
Answer:
Vaccination management. Medical staff in time for all children living within 3 months of the age of 0~6 years, the establishment of vaccination and vaccination cards and other children’s vaccination files. Telephone appointment and other means to inform the child guardian, inform the type of vaccination, time, place and attention. Every six months in the area of children’s vaccination card verification and collation 1 times.
Vaccination service. According to the national immunization program immunization program, routine vaccination of school-age children. In some provinces or key areas, focus on the crowd to carry out emergency vaccination or vaccination to strengthen immunization.
To deal with and report on children with suspected abnormal reaction to vaccination.
Five, 0 ~ 6 years old children’s health management services
7 ~ 6 years old children’s health include what?
Answer:
0 ~ 6 years old children’s health management includes: 1. Neonatal full moon health management. Health management for infants and young children. The preschool children health management.
What are the benefits of health management for children aged 8 to 6?
Answer:
0-6 years old children’s health management can lay an important foundation for the growth of children’s health. According to the characteristics of children’s growth and development in different periods, the children’s health care service is carried out in order to protect and promote the development of children’s physical and mental health, and reduce the occurrence of disease. At the same time, through the children’s health monitoring and screening of key diseases, but also to the child’s birth defects, so early detection, early treatment, prevention and control of the occurrence and development of disability, thereby improving the quality of life.
Six, maternal health management services
9 what are the health care services available to pregnant women?
Answer:
After pregnancy, pregnant women can enjoy the health management services from the prenatal period to the 42 day postpartum. The contents include: health management in the early pregnancy, health management in the second trimester of pregnancy, health management in the later period of pregnancy, postpartum visit and health inspection service after 42 days postpartum.
Seven, the elderly health management services
10 Why should the elderly health management services?
Answer:
With the increase of age, the elderly heart, brain and kidney and other organs physiological dysfunction, metabolic disorders, immune dysfunction, susceptibility to hypertension and diabetes, coronary heart disease and cancer and other chronic diseases. The morbidity of these diseases is very high, the development of health management services can be early detection of disease, early treatment can prevent the occurrence and development of the disease, reduce complications, reduce disability and mortality.
11 who can enjoy the elderly health management services?
僵尸网络向手机领域蔓延
Answer:

安全意识的提升,首先要让所有员工认识到安全是每个人的责任,并不仅是安全部门或IT管理员的职责。

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