How to create a learning organization from different corporate cultures?

针对企业员工的EHS知识启蒙培训

分析各种企业文化类型,选择迪尔、肯尼迪划分的企业文化类型作为研究起点。回顾关于学习型组织特性的文献,提出学习型组织应具备的13个主要特性,作为其企业文化发展目标。最后,分析如何从各类企业文化创建具有13个特性的学习型组织。

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Analysis of various types of corporate culture, corporate culture type selection Deere, Kennedy’s division as the research starting point. This paper reviews the literature on the characteristics of learning organization, and puts forward the 13 main characteristics of the learning organization, which is the goal of the development of enterprise culture. Finally, the paper analyzes how to create a learning organization with 13 characteristics from various types of corporate culture.
1企业文化类型文献回顾
1 literature review of corporate culture
企业文化同人一样有着极强的个性,每个组织的文化都是独一无二的文化。但是不可能对每个企业文化都进行研究,因而只能在不同的企业文化间寻找一些共性,再对企业文化进行简单地分类。由于分析的角度不同、对企业文化的特性认识不同,出现了一些不同的划分企业类型的方法。
Corporate culture has the same strong personality, each organization’s culture is a unique culture. But it is impossible to study each enterprise culture, so we can only find some similarities among different enterprise culture, and then classify the corporate culture. Because of the different angles of analysis and the different understanding of the characteristics of corporate culture, there are some different ways to divide the types of enterprises.
「TerrenceE.Deal和AllanKennedy」根据企业的生产经营风险大小和信息反馈快慢两个维度,将企业文化分为:“强人型”、“拼命干、尽情玩型”、“攻坚型”和“过程型”。
TerrenceE.Deal and AllanKennedy according to the two dimensions of enterprise production and management of risk and information feedback speed, corporate culture is divided into: strong type, work hard, play and tough and process.
「E.Heinem」根据企业文化的牢固程度、一致程度、企业文化与企业系统和谐性,将企业文化分为从强到弱、再到“无”的十六种类型。
According to the firm level, the degree of consistency, the harmony between enterprise culture and enterprise system, E.Heinem divides the corporate culture into sixteen types: from strong to weak, and then to no.
「JohnP·Kotter和JamesL·Heskett」根据企业文化促进企业经营业绩增长的具体情况、企业文化与市场环境的适应程度,将企业文化分为:强力型、战略适合型和具有适应性的企业文化。
JohnP – Kotter and JamesL – Heskett according to the specific circumstances, enterprise culture to promote enterprise performance growth to the extent of the enterprise culture and the market environment, corporate culture is divided into: powerful type, type and strategy for the adaptive enterprise culture.
「查尔斯·汉迪」用古希腊的四位神祗来代表不同类型的企业文化模式,即霸权文化、角色文化、任务文化、个性文化。
Charles Handy with the four gods of ancient Greece to represent different types of corporate culture mode, namely cultural hegemony, culture, culture, personality role task culture.
「康妮·格莱泽和芭芭拉·斯坦伯格·斯马雷」将企业文化分为鲨鱼型、戛裨鱼型、海豚型。
Connie Glazer and Barbara Steinberg Smalley corporate culture is divided into shark, Omega PI fish type, dolphin type.

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「海泽正和上野征洋」以行动基本方向和对待环境的态度为坐标,划分出四种企业文化:自我革新型、重视分析型、重视同感型、重视管理型。
Misawa Masawa syndrome action to Ueno ocean basic direction and attitudes towards the environment coordinates, divided into four types: self innovative corporate culture, pay attention to analysis, attention, pay attention to the management of the same type.
「Ebers」将企业文化分为四种类型:合法型、有效型、传统型、实用主义型。
Ebers divides corporate culture into four types: legal, efficient, traditional and pragmatic.
「罗长海」将企业文化分为四大类型二十个小类型。四大类型是:按所有制划分的、按生长点划分的、按引进程度划分的和按内容特色划分的企业文化类型。
Luo Changhai will be divided into four types of enterprise culture of twenty types. The four types are divided according to the ownership, according to the growth points, according to the introduction of the division of the content and characteristics of the type of corporate culture.
「魏杰」从价值理念方面将企业文化划分为三种类型,即经营性、管理性和体制性企业文化。
Wei Jie from the value of the concept of corporate culture is divided into three types, namely, management, management and institutional corporate culture.
在后面的研究中,作者选择迪尔、肯尼迪划分的企业文化类型,原因有五:
In later research, the author choose the type of corporate culture, Kennedy Deere division, there are five reasons:
1、迪尔、肯尼迪的划分方式影响最大,在文献中的引用率最高;
The biggest impact of division 1, Deere and Kennedy, the highest cited in the literature;
2、通过风险程度、反馈速度划分,这是决定企业生产经营的两个重要的因素;
2, through the degree of risk, feedback speed division, which is the decision of the enterprise production and operation of the two important factors;
3、划分出的企业文化类型与企业所处的行业有很高的相关性,使其研究成果具有很好的实用性;
3, there is a high correlation between the type of corporate culture and the industry in which the enterprise is located;
4、适用于在不同社会大文化环境下的企业,研究成果具有普遍性;
4. It is suitable for enterprises in different social and cultural environment;
5、不同类型的企业文化之间没有纯粹的优劣之分。
5, different types of corporate culture, there is no distinction between pure and good.
2学习型组织的13个特性
13 characteristics of learning organization in 2
彼得·圣吉提出学习型组织,并对如何创建学习型组织,提出了五项修炼:自我超越、改善心智模式、建立共同愿景、团队学习、系统思考。五项修炼是学习型组织研究中的经典内容,从五个方面促进组织转变,使组织尽快地呈现学习型组织的特性,本文亦是从这五个方面做进一步分析。
Peter Senge put forward a learning organization, and how to create a learning organization, put forward five disciplines: self transcendence, improve the mental model, establish a common vision, team learning, system thinking. The five discipline is the classic content in the study of the learning organization, which promotes the transformation of organization from five aspects, and makes the organization as soon as possible to show the characteristics of the learning organization.
学习型组织的定义是笼统的,如果只是简单地说创建学习型组织,那很难弄清这个目标到底是什么?在目标不具体的情况下,谈创建途径就显得毫无意义。要明确创建学习型组织的目标和方向,可转化成明确学习型组织有哪些特性。这些特性既是衡量一个组织是不是学习型组织的标准,也是创建学习型组织努力的方向。
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The definition of a learning organization is general, and if it is simply to create a learning organization, it is difficult to figure out what the goal is In the case of the target is not specific, to talk about the way to create meaningless. To clear the goal and direction of the establishment of learning organization, can be transformed into a clear learning organization what are the characteristics. These characteristics are not only the criterion to judge whether an organization is a learning organization, but also the direction of creating a learning organization.

罗宾斯概括出学习型组织的五个特性:
Robbins summed up the five characteristics of learning organization:
1、有一个人人赞同的共同构想;
1, there is a common idea that everyone agrees;
2、在解决问题和从事工作时,摒弃旧的思维方式和常规程序;
2, in solving problems and work, abandon the old way of thinking and routine procedures;
3、作为相互关系系统的一部分,成员们对所有的组织过程、活动、功能与环境的相互作用进行思考;
3, as part of the system of mutual relations, members of all organizational processes, activities, functions and the environment to consider the interaction;
4、人们之间坦率地相互沟通;
4, people communicate openly with each other;
5、人们摒弃个人利益和部门利益,为实现组织的共同构想一起工作。
5, people abandon their personal interests and departmental interests, work together to achieve the common vision of the organization.
瓦特金斯、马席克提出以7个C表示学习型组织的特点:持续不断的学习、亲密合作的关系、彼此联系的网络、集体共享的观念、创新发展的精神、系统存取的方法、建立能力的目的。张声雄认为学习型组织有六大特点:精简、扁平化、有弹性、不断自我创造、善于学习、自主管理。王维提到学习型组织的十个特征:开放性、民主性、人本性、学习性、创新性、能动性、多元性、终生性、计划性、智力的资源性。
Watkins and Marsick presented the features of learning organization in 7 C: continuous learning, close cooperation relationship, interconnected network, collective concept, the spirit of innovation and development, system access method, establish the ability to. Zhang Shengxiong believes that the learning organization has six characteristics: streamline, flat, flexible, self creation, good at learning, self-management. Wang Wei mentions the ten characteristics of learning organization: openness, democracy, human nature, learning, innovation, initiative, diversity, life, planning, intellectual resources.
以圣吉的五项修炼为基础,根据文献回顾,作者概括出学习型组织有13个特性。与自我超越对应的特性是:
In the five discipline’s basis, according to the literature review, the author summarizes the 13 characteristics of learning organization. The characteristic of self transcendence:
1、自主管理,员工主动学习和工作,具有很强地自我管理能力;
1, independent management, employee initiative to learn and work, have a strong self-management ability;
2、扁平式结构,个人和团队有较大的自由和权力;
2, flat structure, individuals and teams have greater freedom and power;
3、不断进取,员工渴望超越现状。与改善心智模式对应的特性是:
3, continuous progress, the staff eager to go beyond the status quo. The characteristic that corresponds to the improvement of the mental model is:
4、经常自省,摒弃旧的和错误的思维方式和常规程序;
4, regular self-examination, abandon the old and wrong ways of thinking and routine;
5、鼓励创新,突破现况。与建立共同愿景对应的特性是:

5, encourage innovation, break through the status quo. The characteristic of a common vision is:
6、共同愿景,所有成员拥有与组织一致的共同理想;
6, common vision, all members have a common ideal with the organization;
7、相互合作,为了共同的目标相互支持;8、以人为本,尊重员工、关心员工,让员工发自内心地认同共同愿景。与团队学习对应的特性是:
7, mutual cooperation, mutual support for common goals; 8, people-oriented, respect for employees, care for employees, so that employees from the heart to identify common vision. The characteristics of team learning:
9、善于学习,实现终身学习、全员学习、全过程学习、团体学习,注重学习目的、学习方法、学习过程;
9, good at learning, lifelong learning, full study, the whole process of learning, group learning, pay attention to the purpose of learning, learning methods, learning process;
10、知识共享,充分利用知识资源,降低学习成本;
10, knowledge sharing, make full use of knowledge resources, reduce learning costs;
11、沟通畅通,信息准确地、完整地、及时地传递,提高学习效率。与系统思考对应的特性是:
11, communication, information, accurate, complete, timely delivery, improve learning efficiency. The characteristics corresponding to system thinking are:
12、系统性,系统地思考问题,从而系统地处理问题;
12, systematic, systematic thinking, so as to deal with the problem;
13、全局观,从全局分析问题,以整体利益为重。根据分析,作者提出学习型组织的13个特性与五项修炼的关系,如上所述。
13, the overall view, from the overall analysis of the problem, the overall interests of the heavy. According to the analysis, the author puts forward the 13 characteristics of the learning organization and the relationship between the five disciplines.
3通过各类企业文化创建学习型组织
3 through the various types of corporate culture to create a learning organization
在对学习型组织的创建研究中,学者们都认识到企业文化扮演着重要角色,因而关于学习型组织与企业文化的文献也颇多。但是前人主要是研究如何将企业文化建设成有利于向学习型组织发展的企业文化,或者说,研究学习型组织需要什么样的企业文化。
In the study of the establishment of learning organization, scholars have realized that corporate culture plays an important role, so there is a lot of literature about learning organization and corporate culture. But the former is mainly to study how to build the enterprise culture into the enterprise culture which is beneficial to the development of the learning organization.
然而这类研究只停留在较笼统的层面,认为存在一种“最佳的企业文化”与学习型组织匹配。根据这种观点,企业只要按着“最佳的企业文化”发展企业文化即可,其结果是所有的学习型组织拥有相似的企业文化。
However, this kind of research only stays at a more general level, and holds that there is a best corporate culture and learning organization match. According to this view, as long as the enterprise according to the best corporate culture to develop corporate culture, the result is that all learning organizations have similar corporate culture.
这种研究存在两点问题:
There are two problems in this study:
第一,忽视了企业文化的多样性,通过改善,有多种企业文化适合学习型组织发展;
First, ignoring the diversity of corporate culture, through the improvement, there are a variety of corporate culture suitable for the development of learning organizations;
第二,只强调培育企业文化的目标,忽视各自企业文化的起点,导致如何从起点走向目标的路径模糊。
Second, only emphasize the goal of cultivating corporate culture, ignoring the starting point of their corporate culture, leading to the path from the starting point to the goal of fuzzy.
本文概括出的学习型组织的13个特性,是企业文化努力的目标。作者以迪尔、肯尼迪划分的各类企业文化为起点,分析它们如何向适合学习型组织的企业文化发展,并对比改善不同企业文化之间的区别。
This paper summarizes the 13 characteristics of the learning organization, which is the goal of enterprise culture. The dir, Kennedy divided the various enterprise culture as a starting point, analysis of how they are learning organization to fit the development of the enterprise culture, and improve the contrast difference between different enterprise culture.
强人文化形成于风险高、反馈快的企业,如建筑、广告、影视、体育、出版等方面的企业。强人文化的主要特征:
Strong culture is formed in the high risk and quick feedback enterprises, such as architecture, advertising, film and television, sports, publishing and other aspects of the enterprise. The main features of strong culture:
A1、不断进取;
A1, continuous progress;

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