Analysis of various types of corporate culture, corporate culture type selection Deere, Kennedy’s division as the research starting point. This paper reviews the literature on the characteristics of learning organization, and puts forward the 13 main characteristics of the learning organization, which is the goal of the development of enterprise culture. Finally, the paper analyzes how to create a learning organization with 13 characteristics from various types of corporate culture.
1 literature review of corporate culture
Corporate culture has the same strong personality, each organization’s culture is a unique culture. But it is impossible to study each enterprise culture, so we can only find some similarities among different enterprise culture, and then classify the corporate culture. Because of the different angles of analysis and the different understanding of the characteristics of corporate culture, there are some different ways to divide the types of enterprises.
TerrenceE.Deal and AllanKennedy according to the two dimensions of enterprise production and management of risk and information feedback speed, corporate culture is divided into: strong type, work hard, play and tough and process.
According to the firm level, the degree of consistency, the harmony between enterprise culture and enterprise system, E.Heinem divides the corporate culture into sixteen types: from strong to weak, and then to no.
JohnP – Kotter and JamesL – Heskett according to the specific circumstances, enterprise culture to promote enterprise performance growth to the extent of the enterprise culture and the market environment, corporate culture is divided into: powerful type, type and strategy for the adaptive enterprise culture.
Charles Handy with the four gods of ancient Greece to represent different types of corporate culture mode, namely cultural hegemony, culture, culture, personality role task culture.
Connie Glazer and Barbara Steinberg Smalley corporate culture is divided into shark, Omega PI fish type, dolphin type.
Misawa Masawa syndrome action to Ueno ocean basic direction and attitudes towards the environment coordinates, divided into four types: self innovative corporate culture, pay attention to analysis, attention, pay attention to the management of the same type.
Ebers divides corporate culture into four types: legal, efficient, traditional and pragmatic.
Luo Changhai will be divided into four types of enterprise culture of twenty types. The four types are divided according to the ownership, according to the growth points, according to the introduction of the division of the content and characteristics of the type of corporate culture.
Wei Jie from the value of the concept of corporate culture is divided into three types, namely, management, management and institutional corporate culture.
In later research, the author choose the type of corporate culture, Kennedy Deere division, there are five reasons:
The biggest impact of division 1, Deere and Kennedy, the highest cited in the literature;
2, through the degree of risk, feedback speed division, which is the decision of the enterprise production and operation of the two important factors;
3, there is a high correlation between the type of corporate culture and the industry in which the enterprise is located;
4. It is suitable for enterprises in different social and cultural environment;
5, different types of corporate culture, there is no distinction between pure and good.
13 characteristics of learning organization in 2
Peter Senge put forward a learning organization, and how to create a learning organization, put forward five disciplines: self transcendence, improve the mental model, establish a common vision, team learning, system thinking. The five discipline is the classic content in the study of the learning organization, which promotes the transformation of organization from five aspects, and makes the organization as soon as possible to show the characteristics of the learning organization.
The definition of a learning organization is general, and if it is simply to create a learning organization, it is difficult to figure out what the goal is In the case of the target is not specific, to talk about the way to create meaningless. To clear the goal and direction of the establishment of learning organization, can be transformed into a clear learning organization what are the characteristics. These characteristics are not only the criterion to judge whether an organization is a learning organization, but also the direction of creating a learning organization.
Robbins summed up the five characteristics of learning organization:
1, there is a common idea that everyone agrees;
2, in solving problems and work, abandon the old way of thinking and routine procedures;
3, as part of the system of mutual relations, members of all organizational processes, activities, functions and the environment to consider the interaction;
4, people communicate openly with each other;
5, people abandon their personal interests and departmental interests, work together to achieve the common vision of the organization.
Watkins and Marsick presented the features of learning organization in 7 C: continuous learning, close cooperation relationship, interconnected network, collective concept, the spirit of innovation and development, system access method, establish the ability to. Zhang Shengxiong believes that the learning organization has six characteristics: streamline, flat, flexible, self creation, good at learning, self-management. Wang Wei mentions the ten characteristics of learning organization: openness, democracy, human nature, learning, innovation, initiative, diversity, life, planning, intellectual resources.
In the five discipline’s basis, according to the literature review, the author summarizes the 13 characteristics of learning organization. The characteristic of self transcendence:
1, independent management, employee initiative to learn and work, have a strong self-management ability;
2, flat structure, individuals and teams have greater freedom and power;
3, continuous progress, the staff eager to go beyond the status quo. The characteristic that corresponds to the improvement of the mental model is:
4, regular self-examination, abandon the old and wrong ways of thinking and routine;
5, encourage innovation, break through the status quo. The characteristic of a common vision is:
6, common vision, all members have a common ideal with the organization;
7, mutual cooperation, mutual support for common goals; 8, people-oriented, respect for employees, care for employees, so that employees from the heart to identify common vision. The characteristics of team learning:
9, good at learning, lifelong learning, full study, the whole process of learning, group learning, pay attention to the purpose of learning, learning methods, learning process;
10, knowledge sharing, make full use of knowledge resources, reduce learning costs;
11, communication, information, accurate, complete, timely delivery, improve learning efficiency. The characteristics corresponding to system thinking are:
12, systematic, systematic thinking, so as to deal with the problem;
13, the overall view, from the overall analysis of the problem, the overall interests of the heavy. According to the analysis, the author puts forward the 13 characteristics of the learning organization and the relationship between the five disciplines.
3 through the various types of corporate culture to create a learning organization
In the study of the establishment of learning organization, scholars have realized that corporate culture plays an important role, so there is a lot of literature about learning organization and corporate culture. But the former is mainly to study how to build the enterprise culture into the enterprise culture which is beneficial to the development of the learning organization.
However, this kind of research only stays at a more general level, and holds that there is a best corporate culture and learning organization match. According to this view, as long as the enterprise according to the best corporate culture to develop corporate culture, the result is that all learning organizations have similar corporate culture.
There are two problems in this study:
First, ignoring the diversity of corporate culture, through the improvement, there are a variety of corporate culture suitable for the development of learning organizations;
Second, only emphasize the goal of cultivating corporate culture, ignoring the starting point of their corporate culture, leading to the path from the starting point to the goal of fuzzy.
This paper summarizes the 13 characteristics of the learning organization, which is the goal of enterprise culture. The dir, Kennedy divided the various enterprise culture as a starting point, analysis of how they are learning organization to fit the development of the enterprise culture, and improve the contrast difference between different enterprise culture.
Strong culture is formed in the high risk and quick feedback enterprises, such as architecture, advertising, film and television, sports, publishing and other aspects of the enterprise. The main features of strong culture:
A1, continuous progress;