Comprehensive ability of fire safety technology fourth

第二章总平面布局与平面布置检查

广东启动网络安全应急响应平台

1简述防火间距不能满足规定时,可以采取的加强措施
答:P38-39
(1)改变建筑物的生产或使用性质,尽量减少建筑物的火灾危险性;改变房屋部分结构的耐火性能,提高建筑物的耐火等级。

北京工商大学召开2016年网络安全与信息化工作总结会

(2)调整生产厂房的部分工艺流程和库房所储存物品的数量;调整部分构件的耐火性能和燃烧性能。
(3)将建筑物的普通外墙改为防火墙。
(4)拆除部分耐火等级低、占地面积小、适用性不强与新建建筑相邻的原有陈旧建筑物。
(5)设置独立的防火墙等。
2简述对消防车登高操作场地进行防火检查的主要内容
答:P40
消防车登高操作场地是指能满足登高消防车靠近、停留、展开并安全作业的场地。对应消防车登高操作场地的建筑外墙,是便于消防队员进入建筑内部进行救人和灭火的建筑立面,称为消防车登高面。防火检查中,通过对消防车登高面的设置,消防车登高扑救场地的长度、宽度、承载能力、坡度等检查,核实消防车登高扑救场地的设置是否符合现行国家工程建设消防技术标准的要求。
检查内容:
(1)消防车登高面的设置
高层建筑沿一个长边或周边长度的1/4且不小于一个长边长度的底边连续布置消防车登高面,此范围内裙房的进深不大于4m,且在此范围内设有直通室外的楼梯或直通楼梯间的入口。对于建筑高度不大于50m的高层建筑,消防车登高面可间隔布置,间隔的距离不得大于30m。
(2)消防车登高操作场地的设置
消防车登高操作场地与消防车道连通,场地靠建筑外墙一侧的边缘距离建筑外墙不宜小于5m,且不大于10m;场地的坡度不大于3%,长度和宽度分别不小于15m和8m。对于建筑高度不小于50m的建筑,场地的长度和宽度均不得小于15m。
(3)消防车登高操作场地的荷载
消防车登高操作场地及其下面的地下室、管道和暗沟等,能承受重型消防车的压力,重系列消防车最大总质量一般为15~50t。
3简述对民用建筑内歌舞、娱乐、放映游艺场所进行防火检查的主要内容答:P44
(1)与建筑其他部位的防火分隔。采用耐火极限不低于2.00h的不燃烧体墙和耐火极限不低于1.00h的不燃性楼板与其他场所或部位隔开,该场所与建筑内其他部位相通的门为乙级防火门。
(2)设置部位。不得布置在地下二层及以下楼层。宜布置在一、二级耐火等级建筑物内的首层、二层或三层的靠外墙部位;不宜布置在袋型走道的两侧或尽端。受条件限制时,可布置在地下一层,但应检查地下一层地面与室外入口地坪的高差不得大于10m。
(3)厅、室的布置。厅、室之间采用耐火极限不低于2.00h的防火隔墙和不低于1.00h的不燃性楼板分隔,在厅、室墙上的门均为乙级防火门;建筑面积大于50m2厅、室的疏散门不得少于2个;布置在地下一层或4层及以上楼层时,一个厅、室的建筑面积不得大于200m2,即使设置自动喷水灭火系统面积也不能增加。
4简述对厂房内中间仓库进行防火检查的主要内容答:P41
(1)对于甲、乙类中间仓库,储量不宜超过一昼夜的需要量;靠外墙布置,并采用防火墙和耐火极限不低于1.50h的不燃烧体楼板与其他部分隔开。
长度应与墙厚相等,穿越楼板的套管长度应高出地板50mm。管道与套管间的空隙采用防火封堵材料填塞密实。当管道穿越建筑物的变形缝时,要设置柔性管段。
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The second chapter of the general layout and layout inspection
1 the fire can not meet the requirements can be taken to strengthen measures
Answer: P38-39
(1) change the nature of the production or use of the building to minimize the fire risk of the building; change the fire resistance of the structure of the building, improve the fire resistance of the building.
(2) to adjust the process flow of the workshop and the quantity of the goods stored in the warehouse, and to adjust the fire resistance and combustion performance of some parts.
(3) change the ordinary wall of the building into a firewall.
(4) the demolition of some of the original old buildings adjacent to the newly built buildings, with a low degree of fire resistance, small footprint, and poor applicability.
(5) set up independent firewall, etc..
The main contents of the 2 fire inspection on the fire truck climbing operation site

Answer: P40
Climbing fire operation refers to the site, near the residence, and the safe operation of the site to meet fire truck climbing. The corresponding climbing fire operation site on the exterior, is convenient for firefighters inside the building to rescue and fire fighting of the building facade, called the fire truck climbing surface. Through setting up the fire inspection, fire truck climbing surface, climbing fire fighting facilities of the length, width, bearing capacity and slope inspection, verification of climbing fire fighting facilities are set up in accordance with the current national engineering technical standards on fire control requirements.
Check content:
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(1) setting fire truck climbing surface
The high-rise building along a long edge or around the length of the 1\/4 and not less than a long side length of the bottom continuous layout of fire Che den Gogh Mian, this range podium depth is less than 4m, and in the range with straight outdoor stairs or through the entrance staircase. The building height not more than 50m of the high-rise building, fire truck climbing surface can be arranged at intervals, interval distance not greater than 30m.
(2) climbing fire operation site
Climbing fire operation site and fire lane connectivity, edge by the venue exterior side of the building wall distance should not be less than 5m, and no more than 10m; the slope is not greater than 3%, the length and width of not less than 15m and 8m respectively. For buildings with a height not less than 50m, the length and width of the site shall not be less than 15m.
(3) load climbing fire operation site
Climbing fire operation area and the underlying basement, pipeline and ditch, can withstand heavy fire pressure, heavy fire engine maximum total weight is 15 ~ 50t.

清洁能源风向生变 行业国际化还有多远?

The main contents of the 3 of the civil construction of dance, entertainment, film entertainment venues fire check answer: P44
(1) fire separation from other parts of the building. The fire resistance limit of not less than 2.00h the burning body wall and the fire resistance limit of not less than 1.00h incombustible floor and other places or regions separated, the place and architecture in other parts of the connected door for B fire doors.
(2) setting the site. Shall not be placed on the ground floor two floors and below. It should be arranged in the first class, the two or the three layer of the outer wall of the fire resistant grade building in the grade one or two. Limited by the condition, can be arranged in the basement, but should check the basement and ground floor outside the entrance height shall not exceed 10m.
(3) the arrangement of the hall and the room. Hall, room between the fireproof limit of not less than 2.00h and the fire wall is not less than 1.00h the noncombustion floor separated in the hall, room wall doors are B fire doors; construction area of more than 50m2 hall, room evacuation door should not be less than 2; layout in the basement or 4 floor and above the floor a room, hall, the building area of not more than 200m2, even if the sprinkler system area did not increase.
4 brief description of the main contents of the fire inspection in the middle of the workshop: P41
(1) for a, B type intermediate warehouse, reserves should not be more than a day and night needs; on the outer wall layout, and the use of fire wall and fire resistance limit of not less than 1.50h of the body floor and other parts.
The length should be equal to the thickness of the wall, the length of the pipe through the floor should be higher than the floor 50mm. The gap between the pipe and the casing is filled with a fire blocking material. When the pipeline passes through the deformation joint of the building, the flexible pipe section should be set up.
Contents reproduced from the public number
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