Close the door open the window: six ministries and local government financing but can engage in a special debt of PPP

设置过于简单的密码很容易让黑客猜测到,而通过钓鱼网站输入帐户和密码,更是拱手送上个人机密信息,中了木马的被控制的僵尸机器就更不用多说了。

财政部于5月3日发布了规范地方政府举债融资行为的文件,通篇都是“风险”、“不得”,然而在文件发布的同一天,发改委也发了一个文件,支持PPP项目公司或社会资本方可以发行PPP专项债券募集资金。
The Ministry of Finance issued the specification of local government debt financing behavior of the document in May 3rd, are full of risk, no, but the document was released on the same day, the Commission also issued a document, support PPP item company or social capital can issue special bonds to raise funds PPP.
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青年节前夜,财政部悄无声息的扔出一颗深水炸弹。
On the eve of youth day, the Treasury quietly threw a deep water bomb.
关于进一步规范地方政府举债融资行为的通知
Notice on further regulating the behavior of local government debt financing
各省、自治区、直辖市、计划单列市财政厅(局)、发展改革委、司法厅(局),中国人民银行上海总部、各分行、营业管理部、省会(首府)城市中心支行、副省级城市中心支行,各银监局、证监局:
All provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the central government, the finance department (bureau), the national development and Reform Commission, the judicial department (bureau), the people’s Bank of China Shanghai headquarters, all branches and business management departments, the provincial capital (capital) City Center branch, deputy provincial city center branch, the Banking Bureau, securities regulatory bureau:
2014年修订的预算法和《国务院关于加强地方政府性债务管理的意见》(国发〔2014〕43号)实施以来,地方各级政府加快建立规范的举债融资机制,积极发挥政府规范举债对经济社会发展的支持作用,防范化解财政金融风险,取得了阶段性成效。但个别地区违法违规举债担保时有发生,局部风险不容忽视。为贯彻落实党中央、国务院决策部署,牢牢守住不发生区域性系统性风险的底线,现就进一步规范地方政府举债融资行为有关事项通知如下:
The 2014 amendments to the budget law and the State Council on strengthening local government debt management advice (Guo Fa 2014 No. 43) since the implementation of the local governments at all levels to accelerate the establishment of a standardized debt financing mechanism, actively play the government regulate debt support to the economic and social development, to prevent and resolve financial risks, has achieved results. But some areas of illegal debt guarantees have occurred, local risk can not be ignored. In order to implement the Party Central Committee and State Council decision to deploy, firmly hold the bottom line does not occur regional systemic risk, is to further regulate the local government debt financing behavior related matters as follows:
通知由财政部、发改委、司法部、人民银行、银监会、证监会六部委联合发布,从行文来看,“防范化解财政金融风险”、“局部风险”、“牢牢守住不发生区域性系统性风险”,防风险是核心要义。
Notice of the Ministry of finance, development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of justice, the people’s Bank, the CBRC, CSRC jointly issued six ministries, from the point of view, to prevent and resolve fiscal and financial risks, local risk and not firmly hold regional systemic risk, risk prevention is the core of meaning.
一、全面组织开展地方政府融资担保清理整改工作
First, a comprehensive organization to carry out the rectification work of local government financing guarantees
各省级政府要认真落实国务院办公厅印发的《地方政府性债务风险应急处置预案》(国办函〔2016〕88号)要求,抓紧设立政府性债务管理领导小组,指导督促本级各部门和市县政府进一步完善风险防范机制,结合2016年开展的融资平台公司债务等统计情况,尽快组织一次地方政府及其部门融资担保行为摸底排查,督促相关部门、市县政府加强与社会资本方的平等协商,依法完善合同条款,分类妥善处置,全面改正地方政府不规范的融资担保行为。上述工作应当于2017年7月31日前清理整改到位,对逾期不改正或改正不到位的相关部门、市县政府,省级政府性债务管理领导小组应当提请省级政府依法依规追究相关责任人的责任。财政部驻各地财政监察专员办事处要密切跟踪地方工作进展,发现问题及时报告。

网信办新规:关系国家安全重要网络产品应经网络安全审查

安环人员眼中的最简单不过的EHS知识竟然可以这样宣传
The provincial government should conscientiously implement the State Council issued the local government debt risk emergency plan (State Office letter 2016 No. 88) requirements, pay close attention to the establishment of government debt management leadership team, guidance and supervision departments at the same level and county government to further improve the risk prevention mechanism, combined with the company’s debt financing platform launched in 2016 statistics, a local government and its departments financing behavior thoroughly investigation as soon as possible, to urge the relevant departments, the municipal and county governments to strengthen equal consultation and social capital side, to perfect the contract clause, classification of proper disposal, comprehensive correction of financing guarantee does not regulate the behavior of local government. The work should be in July 31, 2017 before the clean-up rectification in place, for overdue correction or rectification is not in place, the relevant departments of the city and county governments, the provincial government debt management leading group shall be submitted to the provincial government according to the law to pursue those responsible. The Financial Ombudsman Office of the Ministry of finance should closely follow the progress of local work and report the problems in time.
有明确具体任务:
Have specific tasks:
1,抓紧设立政府性债务管理领导小组
1, pay close attention to the establishment of government debt management leading group
2,尽快组织一次地方政府及其部门融资担保行为摸底排查…全面改正地方政府不规范的融资担保行为。
2, as soon as possible to organize a local government and its Department of financing guarantee behavior investigation… Comprehensive correction of the local government does not regulate the financing guarantee behavior.
有明确时间要求:
Have clear time requirements:
上述工作应当于2017年7月31日前清理整改到位
The work shall be cleaned before rectification in place in July 31, 2017
有明确惩罚措施:
There are clear punitive measures:
对逾期不改正或改正不到位的部门等,依法依规追究相关责任人的责任。
Overdue correction or correction is not in place, etc., according to the law to investigate the responsibility of the responsible person.
有“监察”人员:
Have supervision personnel:
财政部驻各地财政监察专员办事处要密切跟踪地方工作进展,发现问题及时报告。
The Financial Ombudsman Office of the Ministry of finance should closely follow the progress of local work and report the problems in time.
大家貌似一般都不太关注这个财政部监察人员?其实是很重要的,有机制没监督显然事情是做不成的。在重庆黔江区有关负责人由于违规举债担保的事件中,是由“财政部驻重庆市财政监察专员办事处核查确认”,在山东邹城市违法违规举债担保事件中,是“经财政部驻山东省财政监察专员办事处核查确认”。
Everyone seems to be less concerned about the Ministry of Finance inspectors? In fact, it is very important, there is no mechanism to monitor the obvious thing is impossible. In Chongqing Qianjiang District, responsible person due to illegal debt guarantees incident, by the Ministry of Finance in Chongqing City Finance Office of the Ombudsman confirmation, in Shandong city of Zoucheng illegal borrowing security incident, by the Ministry of Finance in Shandong Province, the Financial Ombudsman office confirmation.
二、切实加强融资平台公司融资管理
Two, strengthen financing platform financing management
加快政府职能转变,处理好政府和市场的关系,进一步规范融资平台公司融资行为管理,推动融资平台公司尽快转型为市场化运营的国有企业、依法合规开展市场化融资,地方政府及其所属部门不得干预融资平台公司日常运营和市场化融资。地方政府不得将公益性资产、储备土地注入融资平台公司,不得承诺将储备土地预期出让收入作为融资平台公司偿债资金来源,不得利用政府性资源干预金融机构正常经营行为。金融机构应当依法合规支持融资平台公司市场化融资,服务实体经济发展。进一步健全信息披露机制,融资平台公司在境内外举债融资时,应当向债权人主动书面声明不承担政府融资职能,并明确自2015年1月1日起其新增债务依法不属于地方政府债务。金融机构应当严格规范融资管理,切实加强风险识别和防范,落实企业举债准入条件,按商业化原则履行相关程序,审慎评估举债人财务能力和还款来源。金融机构为融资平台公司等企业提供融资时,不得要求或接受地方政府及其所属部门以担保函、承诺函、安慰函等任何形式提供担保。对地方政府违法违规举债担保形成的债务,按照《国务院办公厅关于印发地方政府性债务风险应急处置预案的通知》(国办函〔2016〕88号)、《财政部关于印发〈地方政府性债务风险分类处置指南〉的通知》(财预〔2016〕152号)依法妥善处理。
Accelerate the transformation of government functions, handle the relationship between government and market, to further standardize the management of corporate financing behavior and financing platform, promote the company’s financing platform as soon as the transition to the market operation of state-owned enterprises, in accordance with the law and regulations to carry out market financing, local government and its subordinate departments shall not interfere with the financing platform company daily operations and market financing. The local government shall not be public assets, land reserves into the company financing platform, not committed to reserve land transfer revenues expected as the company’s financing platform debt financing, not the normal operation of the use of government resources financial institutions behavior intervention. Financial institutions shall be in accordance with the law to support the financing of the financing platform companies, the development of the real economy services. To further improve the information disclosure mechanism, corporate debt financing platform financing at home and abroad, should be active to the creditors written statement does not assume the functions of government financing, and clearly since January 1, 2015 the new debt law does not belong to the local government debt. Financial institutions shall strictly regulate financial management, strengthen risk identification and prevention, the implementation of corporate debt access conditions, according to the commercial principles to fulfill the relevant procedures, careful assessment of the borrower financial ability and the source of repayment. Financial institutions to provide financing for financing platform companies and other enterprises, may not require or accept the local government and its departments in the form of guarantees, letters of commitment, letters of comfort and other forms of security. The illegal local government debt guarantees the formation of debt, in accordance with the Notice of the general office of the State Council on the issuance of local government debt risk emergency plan (State Office letter 2016 No. 88), the Ministry of Finance Concerning the issuance of local government debt risk classification disposal refers to the South Circular (FB 2016 No. 152) to properly handle.
政府和融资平台:
Government and financing platform:
融资平台要尽快市场化转型,地方政府不得干预融资平台、不得(承诺)注入公益性资产、储备土地;融资平台举债时应主动书面声明不承担政府融资职能。
The financing platform as soon as possible to the market transition, local government financing platform, not without intervention (commitment) injection of public assets, land reserve; debt financing platform should take the initiative to a written statement does not assume the functions of government financing.
金融机构:
Financial institution:
金融机构为融资平台公司等企业提供融资时,不得要求或接受地方政府及其所属部门以担保函、承诺函、安慰函等任何形式提供担保。
Financial institutions to provide financing for financing platform companies and other enterprises, may not require or accept the local government and its departments in the form of guarantees, letters of commitment, letters of comfort and other forms of security.
三、规范政府与社会资本方的合作行为
Three, standardize the government and social capital cooperation behavior
地方政府应当规范政府和社会资本合作(PPP)。允许地方政府以单独出资或与社会资本共同出资方式设立各类投资基金,依法实行规范的市场化运作,按照利益共享、风险共担的原则,引导社会资本投资经济社会发展的重点领域和薄弱环节,政府可适当让利。地方政府不得以借贷资金出资设立各类投资基金,严禁地方政府利用PPP、政府出资的各类投资基金等方式违法违规变相举债,除国务院另有规定外,地方政府及其所属部门参与PPP项目、设立政府出资的各类投资基金时,不得以任何方式承诺回购社会资本方的投资本金,不得以任何方式承担社会资本方的投资本金损失,不得以任何方式向社会资本方承诺最低收益,不得对有限合伙制基金等任何股权投资方式额外附加条款变相举债。
Local government should regulate the cooperation between government and social capital (PPP). Allow local governments to separate or capital and social capital jointly funded the establishment of various types of investment funds, regulate the operation of the market in accordance with the law, in accordance with the profit and risk sharing principle, key areas to guide social capital investment in economic and social development and the weak link, the government may be appropriate to none. The local government not to borrow money funded the establishment of various types of investment funds, the local government is prohibited by PPP, government funded various investment funds illegal disguised debt, unless otherwise prescribed by the State Council, the local government and its subordinate departments involved in the PPP project, the establishment of government funded various investment funds, shall not in any way repurchase commitments of social capital the principal shall bear the social capital investment, party in any way principal investment losses, shall not in any way to the social capital promised a minimum income, not on the limited partnership fund any additional equity investment in terms of debt in disguise.
小编觉得就是针对PPP、政府引导基金的变相融资问题,从行文就看出来有地方政府通过保底承诺、回购安排、明股实债等方式进行变相融资,将项目包装成PPP项目,实际并非收益共享、风险共担的真PPP,一些政府引导基金则有承诺回购股权、受让有限合伙份额、补足收益等行为,业内人士估计见得多了,现在明确此路不通。如果再有花样,条款就往上加吧。
Xiaobian is for PPP, the government guide disguised financing from the fund, see the local government through disguised financing bonds and other ways to guarantee commitment, repurchase arrangements, Ming shares, the project will be packaged into a PPP project, the actual income and risk sharing is not really PPP, some government guide fund a commitment to repurchase shares, the share of the limited partnership, make up the profit behavior, industry insiders estimate that more clearly, now this way. If there is any more, the terms will be added.
四、进一步健全规范的地方政府举债融资机制
Four, further improve the standard of local government debt financing mechanism
全面贯彻落实依法治国战略,严格执行预算法和国发〔2014〕43号文件规定,健全规范的地方政府举债融资机制,地方政府举债一律采取在国务院批准的限额内发行地方政府债券方式,除此以外地方政府及其所属部门不得以任何方式举借债务。地方政府及其所属部门不得以文件、会议纪要、领导批示等任何形式,要求或决定企业为政府举债或变相为政府举债。允许地方政府结合财力可能设立或参股担保公司(含各类融资担保基金公司),构建市场化运作的融资担保体系,鼓励政府出资的担保公司依法依规提供融资担保服务,地方政府依法在出资范围内对担保公司承担责任。除外国政府和国际经济组织贷款转贷外,地方政府及其所属部门不得为任何单位和个人的债务以任何方式提供担保,不得承诺为其他任何单位和个人的融资承担偿债责任。地方政府应当科学制定债券发行计划,根据实际需求合理控制节奏和规模,提高债券透明度和资金使用效益,建立信息共享机制。

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Fully implement the strategy of governing the country by law, strictly implement the provisions of the budget law and the 2014 Document No. 43, standardize the financing mechanism of local government debt, local government debt will take the issue of local government bonds in the limits approved by the State Council, in addition to local government and its subordinate departments shall not in any way of borrowing debt. Local governments and their departments shall not be in the form of documents, minutes of meetings, leadership instructions and other forms, requirements or decisions for the government to borrow or disguised debt for the government. Allow local governments with money may establish or acquire Guarantee Corporation (including all kinds of financing guarantee fund), a market-oriented operation of the financing guarantee system, encourage government funded Guarantee Corporation in accordance with the law and regulations to provide financing services, local government in accordance with the law within the scope of capital contribution to the Guarantee Corporation to assume responsibility. In addition to foreign governments and international economic organizations loans, the local government and its subordinate departments shall not for any unit or individual debt guarantees in any way, no commitment to any other units and individuals bear liability financing. The local government should make the bond issuance plan scientifically, reasonably control the rhythm and scale according to the actual demand, improve the transparency of the bond and the benefit of using the funds, and establish the information sharing mechanism.
对于这个小编没有什么要说的,感觉就是中央对于地方政府举债担保的容忍度进一步降低。
There is nothing to say about this small series, the feeling is that the central government to further reduce the tolerance of local government debt guarantees.
但是,在这个文件发布的同一天(5月3日),发改委也发了一个文件《国家发展改革委办公厅关于印发《政府和社会资本合作(PPP)项目专项债券发行指引》的通知》,支持PPP项目公司或社会资本方可以发行PPP专项债券募集资金。
However, in this document issued on the same day (May 3rd), the Commission also issued a document on the office of the national development and Reform Commission issued the government and social capital cooperation (PPP) project notice special bond issue guidelines, support PPP item company or social capital can issue special bonds to raise funds PPP.
该指引指出,PPP项目专项债的发型形式既可以是普通企业债券,也可以是项目收益债券。相对于财政部这份满是“风险”、“不得”的文件,发改委这份文件中还有不少“支持”、“鼓励”,可以说关了一扇门,但是开了一个小窗。
The guidelines pointed out that the PPP project can be a form of special debt bonds can be ordinary corporate bonds, project income bonds can also be. With respect to the Ministry of finance this is full of risk and no document, the NDRC document there are a lot of support and encouragement, can be said to close a door, but opened a window.
五、建立跨部门联合监测和防控机制
Five, the establishment of inter departmental joint monitoring and prevention mechanisms

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完善统计监测机制,由财政部门会同发展改革、人民银行、银监、证监等部门建设大数据监测平台,统计监测政府中长期支出事项以及融资平台公司举借或发行的银行贷款、资产管理产品、企业债券、公司债券、非金融企业债务融资工具等情况,加强部门信息共享和数据校验,定期通报监测结果。开展跨部门联合监管,建立财政、发展改革、司法行政机关、人民银行、银监、证监等部门以及注册会计师协会、资产评估协会、律师协会等行业自律组织参加的监管机制,对地方政府及其所属部门、融资平台公司、金融机构、中介机构、法律服务机构等的违法违规行为加强跨部门联合惩戒,形成监管合力。对地方政府及其所属部门违法违规举债或担保的,依法依规追究负有直接责任的主管人员和其他直接责任人员的责任;对融资平台公司从事或参与违法违规融资活动的,依法依规追究企业及其相关负责人责任;对金融机构违法违规向地方政府提供融资、要求或接受地方政府提供担保承诺的,依法依规追究金融机构及其相关负责人和授信审批人员责任;对中介机构、法律服务机构违法违规为融资平台公司出具审计报告、资产评估报告、信用评级报告、法律意见书等的,依法依规追究中介机构、法律服务机构及相关从业人员的责任。
To improve the statistical monitoring mechanism by the finance department in conjunction with the development and reform, the people’s Bank, the CBRC, CSRC and other departments of the construction of large data monitoring platform, statistical monitoring of government expenditure items and long-term financing platform companies borrowing or issuing bank loans, asset management products, corporate bonds, corporate bonds, non-financial corporate debt financing instruments and so on, to strengthen the Department of information sharing and data validation, regularly informed of the monitoring results. To carry out inter departmental joint supervision, finance, development and reform, the establishment of the judicial administrative organs, the people’s Bank, the CBRC, CSRC and other departments and institutes of certified public accountants, Asset Evaluation Association, lawyers association and other industry organizations to participate in the self regulatory mechanism of the illegal behavior of local government and its subordinate departments, companies, financial institutions, intermediaries financing platform and legal service providers to strengthen inter departmental joint discipline, the formation of regulatory efforts. The local government and its subordinate departments illegal borrowing or guarantees, shall be prosecuted in accordance with regulations directly responsible personnel in charge and other persons directly liable; financing platform for the company to engage in or participate in illegal financing activities, in accordance with the law and regulations for enterprises and related responsible person responsible for financial institutions; illegal to place the government provides financing requirements, or to accept the local government guarantee commitment, in accordance with the law and regulations for financial institutions and the relevant responsible person and persons responsible for credit approval; intermediary institutions, legal service agencies illegal financing platform company issued audit report, asset evaluation report, credit rating reports, legal opinions, in accordance with the law regulations held legal services agency, and related personnel responsibilities.
1,数据监测平台
1, data monitoring platform
相对于一行三会的监管协调机制时争论的数据平台,这个机制涉及面明显更大,而之前一行三会的事情还最终并没有定论,但这个看行文是已经研究决定了,“建设大数据监测平台”。
With respect to the data platform debate will line three supervision and coordination mechanism, this mechanism involves a significantly greater, but before line three things are final and not conclusive, but this article is already decided that the construction of big data monitoring platform.
不说别的,证监会中国基金业协会下面的私募产品备案系统就有不少产品了吧?

Do not say anything else, the Commission China Fund Industry Association, the following private placement system has a lot of products, right?

为数据中心买保险的公司可得注意保单内容和条款了,保险公司不可能接受所有安全风险的转嫁,特别是针对网络安全防黑客的保险:

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