5 suggestions for learning Linux system correctly

纯手工打造每一篇开源资讯与技术干货,数十万程序员和Linuxer已经关注。
最近几年Linux系统应用越来越广泛,以至于很多人开始热衷学习Linux。但是我们都是从小都是学习windows系统长大的,从windows 98到现在的windows 10,而根据学习windows系统的经验来学习Linux,使很多人越学越茫然,收效甚微,而不知怎么样才能有效的学习好Linux。下面本人根据自己的经验来给大家说说,怎么样有效的学习Linux系统。
一、我们学习Linux系统的目标是什么?
Linux被当作是一个类Unix的系统,我们学习Linux的相关知识,就可以更好的学习Unix系统。在这个信息时代的好处就是,你想学习任何技术,只要自己花时间去努力,一定会有所收获。Linux系统做为开源的系统,在我们的社会生活中扮演了很重要的角色,在我们生活的方方面面做为稳定的技术后盾,为我们服务,同时基于Linux的应用软件也越来越多。您手中的安卓手机就是其中重要的表现。
二、我们必须从命令开始学习Linux
我们大家学习Linux,大多情况是看中了Linux作为服务器的稳定性,安全性,希望搭建常见的服务。但是万丈高楼平地起,要想搭建服务,还必须等从Linux的基础学起,那么最重要的基础就是Linux的命令了。Linux是一个实践性很强的系统,不像windows系统那样,鼠标点点就能完成你想要的工作,Linux的精髓在于命令行,在于终端。可能我们在初学Linux的时候,都会认为Linux命令难记,操作麻烦,其实,熟悉之后,你会发现,Linux下面命令操作真的是太方便了。所以我们要是Linux更好的为我们服务,就必须走好第一步,学会常见的Linux操作命令。
三、作为新手学习前必选择一本Linux书籍
在许多论坛中,还有QQ群,微信群中,可以看到很多新手在安装使用Linux的过程中遇到了一些问题。说明我们很多人初学Linux的时候,并没有有效的掌握Linux的一些基本的知识,所以才会遇到很多问题,并且很多问题都是重复了很多次。这就需要我们有一本好的Linux入门工具书,放在手边,随时翻阅,补充知识。最近在网络上看到了《Linux就该这么学》,这本书,从书的内容上能够看出来对新手还是很好的一本书,包括了虚拟机和系统的安装,基本的知识,常用的服务。如果新手入门,不知道选哪个书可以看看,这本书是公开的,可以去下载电子版看看。新手完全可以在安装RHEL7的虚拟机,然后开始对着书,做实验以此来学习Linux。
四、最好使用命令行来操作Linux系统
Linux系统虽然也可以有桌面环境,但其实X-WINDOW,只是Linux中的一个应用组件,不能代表Linux的一切。Linux系统在大多数的时候是作为服务器来使用的,而我们学习的目的就是来使用它,在作为服务器的时候Linux系统是不安装图形界面的,大多数情况下我们需要通过输入相关的命令,让安装Linux系统的服务器为我们工作,所以学习使用命令,也是为了工作上能够方便的操作Linux服务器。Linux的精髓在于命令行,命令能够完成Linux系统下的所需操作。实际工作中,也都是通过命令行来操作服务器的。只要有网络,你就能通过客户端输入命令操作远在千里之外的服务器,这看起来是不是很不错。
五、学习使用强大好用的shell脚本
Linux中的shell是一个很好用的工具。Shell终端解释器被形容是人与计算机之间的“翻译官”,它作为用户与Linux系统内部通讯的媒介,除了允许了各种变量与参数外还提供了诸如循环、分支等高级语言才有的控制结构特性,如何来正确的使用这些功能,准确下达命令就显得尤为重要。通过学习好shell,我们可以来编写shell脚本文件,通过脚本文件可以实现工作的自动化,来减轻我们在Linux系统上面所做的重复劳动,这样是我们在部署服务器时,能够减少时间,高效的工作。通过命令,通过shell可以减少服务器资源的浪费,把可使用的资源最大化的给应用软件,提供生产效率,实现资源最优的分配,掌握shell脚本编程在工作中也是很有必要的,《Linux就该这么学》书籍值得读一读。
原文转自: http://www.cnbeta.com/articles/tech/609101.htm
让您学习到的每一节课都有所收获《Linux就该这么学》是由资深运维专家刘遄及全国多名红帽架构师(RHCA)基于最新RHEL7系统共同编写的高质量Linux技术自学教程,极其适合用于Linux技术入门教程或讲课辅助教材。
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Pure hand to create every open source information and technology dry, hundreds of thousands of programmers and Linuxer has been concerned about.
In recent years, the application of Linux system is more and more widely, so many people began to keen to learn Linux. But we are all learning from the windows system to grow up, from Windows 98 to windows 10 now, according to the study and experience of windows system to study Linux, so many people learn more and more confused, with little success, and I do not know how to effectively learn a good Linux. Below I according to their own experience to tell you, how to effectively learn Linux system.

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What are the goals of our Linux system?
Linux is treated as a class Unix system, we learn the relevant knowledge of Linux, you can better learn Unix system. In this information age, the advantage is that you want to learn any technology, as long as their own time to work hard, will be harvested. The Linux system is open source system, plays a very important role in our social life, in all aspects of our lives to do the technical support is stable, for our services, and application software based on Linux is also more and more. Android phone in your hand is one of the important performance.
Two, we must start learning from the command Linux
We all learn Linux, most of the situation is fancy Linux as the server’s stability, security, and hope to build a common service. But Great oaks from little acorns grow., to build a service, and must also learn from the foundation of Linux, it is the most important basis for Linux command. Linux is a very practical system, unlike the windows system, the mouse will be able to complete the work you want, the essence of Linux is the command line, the terminal. We may be in the beginner Linux, it will be difficult to remember that the Linux command, the operation of trouble, in fact, familiar with, you will find that Linux command operation is really too convenient. So if we better serve our Linux, we must take the first step, learn common Linux command.
Three, as a novice learning will choose a Linux book

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In many forums, as well as QQ group, WeChat group, you can see a lot of novice in the installation and use of Linux encountered some problems. That we have a lot of people learning Linux, and do not have a good grasp of some of the basic knowledge of Linux, so it will encounter a lot of problems, and many problems are repeated many times. This requires us to have a good Linux entry tool book, on the hand, at any time to read, add knowledge. Recently on the Internet to see the Linux on such a study, this book, the contents of the book to look out for a novice or a good book, including the virtual machine and the installation of the system, the basic knowledge of common services. If the novice entry, do not know which book to choose to see, this book is open, you can go to download the electronic version. Novice can be installed in the RHEL7 virtual machine, and then began to book, doing experiments in order to learn Linux.
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Four, it is best to use the command line to operate the Linux system
Although the Linux system can also have a desktop environment, but in fact, X-WINDOW, just one of the Linux application components, can not represent all of Linux. The Linux system is as the server to use in most of the time, and the purpose of our study is to use it, as in the server when the Linux system is not to install a graphical interface, in most cases we need to input commands, let install Linux system server for our work, and learn to use the command. Is to be able to operate the Linux server convenient work. Linux is the essence of the command line, the command to complete the required operation under the Linux system. In actual work, the server is also operated by the command line. As long as there is a network, you can enter the command through the client to operate thousands of miles away from the server, it does not look good.
Five, learn to use powerful and easy to use shell script
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Linux in the shell is a very useful tool. The Shell terminal is described as interpreter between man and computer translator, as users and internal communication system of Linux media, in addition to allowing a variety of variables and parameters such as circulation, also provides a branch of advanced language only control structure characteristics, how to use these features correctly, it is particularly important to accurately orders. Through the study of shell, we can write shell script file, the script file can realize the automation of work, to reduce duplication of work we are doing in the Linux system, so we are in the deployment server, can reduce time and efficient work. Through the command, through the shell server can reduce the waste of resources, to maximize resources available to the application software, the production efficiency, to achieve optimal allocation of resources, master shell script programming in the work is necessary, Linux in respect of such books worth reading.
Original text: http:\/\/www.cnbeta.com\/articles\/tech\/609101.htm
Each lesson for you to learn to have the harvest Linux is supposed to by senior experts and the operation more than red hat architect Liu Trent (RHCA) of the new RHEL7 system prepared jointly by the high quality Linux tutorial based on Linux technology, extremely suitable for introductory tutorials or lectures teaching materials.
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